Indian Civilian Nuclear Program Open to International Atomic Energy Agency

Member countries of the IAEA

Member countries of the IAEA (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

India established that they are endorsing an agreement signed with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreement, to upsurge the negligence of civilian nuclear program. The step is defined to be directed towards clearing a major nuclear partnership with the United States.

The endorsement of IAEA agreement is a prominent sign indicating that the newly elected Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, wants to strengthen strategic and trade ties with the United States, prior to his visit to White House to meet President Barack Obama in September.

The spokesman for the Ministry of External Affairs, Syed Akbaruddin, confirmed the domestic news reports, “I can confirm that we are ratifying the Additional Protocol to the IAEA Safeguards Agreement.” Adding further Akbaruddin stated, “The move signals India’s commitment “to the responsible use of nuclear power.” No response was available on the news from IAEA

US has welcomed the move as evident from the comment of a U.S. State Department spokeswoman as she said, “This action marks another important step in bringing India into the international nonproliferation mainstream.” The spokeswoman also added to the remark that compliance with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), is also in accordance with joint statement on nuclear cooperation in year 2005, between former Indian PM, Manmohan Singh and former U.S. President George W. Bush.

“The United States remains fully committed to expanding our civil nuclear cooperation with India,” spokeswoman said and added that , “its strong support for India’s full membership in the four multilateral arms export control regimes, in a phased manner, as India takes the steps necessary to join each regime.” The four control regimes are: the Australia Group, the Missile Technology Control Regime, which occupies chemical and biological assets, and the Wassenaar Arrangement that covers dual-use substances and conventional arms and Nuclear Suppliers Group.

IAEA pact critics say that the pact fails to address the concerns regarding India’s involvement with the countries that exercise trade in nuclear supplies, without the signing of Non-Proliferation Treaty. Tariq Rauf, ex- senior IAEA official cleared that- there would be “no gain for non-proliferation”.

India, is not a member of the nations who signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty, which means that the IAEA, nuclear overseer headed by United Nations has no control over the Indian activities under the military nuclear program.

India and Pakistan tested their nuclear weapons in 1998, which started off an arms race between the neighbors and also put china, Asian superpower, in an uncomfortable position.

In a news issued last week, defense research group disclosed that the Indian nuclear plant is set to expand and by the mid-2015 it could achieve the capacity to produce a weapons-grade uranium in large amount. The nuclear facility will soon be capable to produce at least 160 kg of weapons grade uranium per year or enough uranium to make five atom bombs- this exceeds the required amount for nuclear-powered submarines, said IHS Jane.

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